Surety Viewpoints

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Integrity Availability Confidentiality Use Control:

Historically, information surety has involved four areas of consideration relating to the properties of information that we would like to control.


Integrity is commonly considered in any of four different forms: The opposite of integrity is commonly called corruption.


The opposite of availability is commonly called denial of services, denial of use, denial of information, or simply denial.


Confidentiality goes under many different names, including privacy and secrecy. Most people want privacy, but many dislike secrecy - even though - at some level - they are the same thing. The opposite of confidentiality is commonly called leakage.

Use Control:

Use control is the combination of preventing unauthorized use and assuring authorized use. The opposite of use control is unauthorized use or to prevention of authorized use (i.e. denial of use).